"Agriculture occupies a key position in the Indian economy. Though agriculture has
now shrunk as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP) to around 13 percent, it is a
vital sector and provider of livelihood for 2/3rd of India's working population.
Agriculture being a State subject, the bulk of public investment in agriculture takes
place at the level of States and the Central Government supports the States as a catalyst.
The nodal agency for development of agriculture in India is the Ministry of Agriculture
and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
Agricultural policy followed since Independence in 1947 can be broadly classified into
three phases. Phase one, immediately after Independence, witnessed several institutional
changes through land reforms and initiation of major irrigation projects. The second
phase, since the mid-1960s, was aimed at increasing agricultural productivity to attain
self-sufficiency in foodgrains through technological revolution and Government support for
credit, marketing and extension services. This was followed by the current phase, since
the late 1980s, aimed at making agriculture more market-oriented.
Regrettably, Indian economy has been witnessing loss of dynamism in the agriculture and
allied sectors in recent years. The sector, as a whole, has showed poor performance
lately. Signs of agrarian distress are visible in parts of the country. The spate of
suicides by farmers in some areas is the most disconcerting manifestation of this
distress. Marginal and small farmers have borne the brunt of the adverse circumstances in
agriculture. Concerned by the slow growth in the agriculture and allied sectors, the
Government of India has launched a series of programmes/schemes in recent years to
rejuvenate agriculture and improve farm incocme.
The present work explains and examines the key reform measures undertaken for the
modernization of Indian agriculture. Challenges facing this vital sector of the economy
are also set forth."
About the Book
About the Author
1. Economic Reforms and Agriculture in India
2. Agricultural Productivity and Areas of Concern
3. Institutional Set-up and Support for Agriculture
4. Agricultural Inputs and Services
5. Diversification of Indian Agriculture
6. Information Technology (IT) for Agriculrure and Rural Development
7. Food and Nutritional Security
8. Gender Issues in Indian Agriculture
9. Climate Change and Indian Agricultue
10. Agricultural Exports and Imports
11. Indian Agriculture and World Trade Organization (WTO)