The cultural interaction between India and the Hellenistic world does not usually
receive the attention it deserves. Scholars go on trying to derive features of classical
Hinduism from the Veda, without seriously taking into consideration the parts of the
subcontinent were once ruled by Greeks, whose culture exerted a profound influence.
The author has planned Graeco-Indian relations throughout their history in three
volumes. According to this India in `Early Greek Literature' is the first volume, and
present volume, `India and the Hellenstic World' is second, while third volume is `India
and the Roman West'. In the first volume the author has discussed the Greek accounts of
India and the relations between India and Greece until Alexander's Indian campaign. Later
authors, like Megasthenes, were mentioned only when their information was relevant for
this purpose. In present volume focus is on the Hellenstic period in the narrow sense of
the world, from Alexander to the rise of Roman Imperial hegemony.
The main object is to collect, explain and discuss the relevant passage in Greek and
Latin literature in their relation to Greek and Roman society and literary traditions as
well as to then existing information about India and other Asian countries, in some cases
Africa too. The methods are philological, but author has also made an earnest attempt to
find out and utilize the new evidence offered by such disciplines as archaeology,
epigraphy, and numismatics.